"In its scientific or philosophical sense,it [materialism] refers to a theory that aspires to explain all the phenomenawithout recourse to anything immaterial—like a Cartesian soul, or“ectoplasm”—or God. The standard negation of materialistic in the scientificsense is dualistic, which maintains that there are two entirely different kindsof substance, matter and…whatever minds are supposedly made of." (Daniel Dennet, Breakingthe Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomena, p.302)
He grasps only two solutions: materialism and dualism. There is another solution, as I explained in my post: It is a mystery. The evidence supporting this hypothesis is the following:
1) Just because a human being asks a question doesn't mean there is an answer.
2) All the other answers (materialism, dualism, idealism) have very little evidence supporting them.
3) There are a number of ways to express the mysteriousness of the mind-body problem: a) Humans are indefinabilities that become conscious of their own existence. b) Humans are embodied spirits. c) Humans are finite beings. People like Dennet, Dawkins, Niel Campbell, and other liberals and atheists are incapable of discussing the mind-body intelligently.
But we never experience anything which is an exclusively physical body or an exclusively nonphysical mind. Those are entity hypotheses invented to explain human nature. And they are invented under the control of a perspectival overview of reality which is either proposed as a theory or simply presupposed. The perspective which regulates the mind-body duality is one that sees two particular aspects as those upon which all the other aspects of a person depend: usually the physical and the logical. From this overview, it is easy to accept that there are wholly physical things (bodies) and wholly nonphysical things (minds). The remaining aspects can then be seen as generated by the interaction of minds and bodies.
Each human is thus seen as an essential unity, no matter how many diverse kinds of functions an individual may display in the various aspects of creation.
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